Posts Tagged ‘How-To’

Summary:   Intel Processor(CPU) microcode update for Windows 10 Version 1809 addressing Spectre and Terminal Fault security vulnerabilities



    • This Intel Microcode update for Windows 10 Version 1809 address 3 security vulnerabilities
        • Two Spectre variants(3a and 4) and the L1 Terminal Fault(L1TF)
    • Windows 10 Version 1809 Intel microcode updates are stand-alone updates and currently only available in the Microsoft Catalog though in the future it may also be deployed through Windows Update
    • This Microcode updates include previous released microcode updates
    • Applicable to Windows 10 Version 1809 and noted in the Knowledge Base(KB) article section
    • Applicable to specific Intel CPU’s as noted in the Knowledge Base article
      • Note: Install the update for the applicable processor


Microsoft Knowledge Base(KB) article:


How to Obtain:


Additional information::


Apr  5 2019: Initial Draft Date

Apr  6 2019: Initial Publish Date

Apr  9 2019: Added pic(snapshot/graphic) of KB4465065 in Microsoft Catalog

Apr 10 2019: Added ‘Additional Information’ section

Summary:  How to use the Microsoft DISM Tool to Analyze and Clean the Windows 10 WinSxS folder (Component Store)


  • DISM(Deployment Image Servicing and Management [DISM.exe]) is a command-line tool that can be used to analyze and clean up the Windows 10 Component Store
  • The Windows 10 WinSxS folder typically hosts all the Component Store files
  • Using the DISM command-line tool for analyzing the Windows 10 Component Store will show the following details of the components present in the WinSxS folder:
    • Actual size of the components in the WinSxS folder and also broken down into three sub-sections
        • How much of the actual size is shared with Windows 10
        • How much of the actual size is dedicated to Backups and Disabled features
        • How much of the actual size is used for Cache and Temporary Data
    • The number of reclaimable packages
    • Component Store Cleanup Recommendation (Yes or No)
  • Using the DISM command-line tool for cleaning up Windows 10 Component Store may recover some space of the hard drive(or SSD) and reduce the size of the WinSxS folder recovering a few GB’s of storage capacity.  Editor Note:  Normally Windows 10 will clean the Component Store when necessary thus clean up may not always be required, but if your system indicates otherwise(**After analysis**) follow the cleanup instructions below.

How To:

  • Using DISM’s /AnalyzeComponentStore
    • Open an Elevated Command Prompt => Press Windows key + X ] then select the ‘Command Prompt (Admin)’ option
    • At  command line prompt enter
            • · DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /AnalyzeComponentStore


          • The above is an example(snapshot/picture) that shows for a device tested(a recent clean install of Windows 10) that no Reclaimable Packages are present and also Component Store Cleanup is not recommended. (Note: The size of a component store can vary – normally about six(6) to ten(10) GB)
              • The analysis may take a few minutes. Do Not interrupt the process.
              • If your system indicates that Component Store Cleanup **IS** Recommended the DISM tool  /StartComponentCleanup command-line option can be used(instructions below)
  • Using DISM’s /StartComponentCleanup
    • Open an Elevated Command Prompt => Press Windows key + X ] then select the ‘Command Prompt (Admin)’ option
    • At  command line prompt enter
            • · DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /StartComponentCleanup


          • The Component Store cleanup  may take a few minutes. Do Not interrupt the process. Once complete it will report "The operation completed successfully. Once complete, the Command dialog box window can be closed(Click ‘X’ in the upper right).  To finalize the cleanup process => Restart Windows 10



Jan  2  2019:  Initial Draft Date

Jan  6  2019: Initial Publish Date

Apr 20, 2019: Added graphics/pictures examples

Summary:  Microsoft’s Quick Start Guides for Windows 10


  • Microsoft provides a variety of ‘Quick Start’ guides to help learn Windows 10
  • Guides are in the form of standard PDF Documents
  • Guides are intended to be overviews yet provide sufficient detail to shorten the learning curve
  • Links(below) to Quick Start Guides will automatically open the respective guide’s PDF file in a new window in your default PDF viewer or browser

Windows 10 Quick Start Guides:

  • Desktop   (8 pages)
    • Start Menu options(Start Button, Accessing Documents and Pictures folder, Settings, Power Options, Grouping programs and apps on the Start Menu);
    • Task Bar features(Start Button, Search, Task View, File Explorer, Microsoft Store, Edge Browser OneDrive, Audio/Volume settings, Network Connection(LAN/Wi-Fi));
    • Action Center(Notification and Actions to settings and common configurable settings)
    • Windows Settings(System, Devices, Personalization, Apps, Accounts, Network and Internet, Privacy, Updates and Security, Ease of Access, Cortana, Gaming, Phone)
    • Cortana(Microsoft’s digital assistant)
    • Task View(feature providing the ability to group app by type or desire in multiple accessible virtual desktop views)
  • Windows Defender  (7 pages)
    • Taskbar Icon, Protection Status, Security Center, Settings
  • Connect to a network printer (8 pages)
    • Adding a network printer
        • Note: Windows 10 will recognize and setup almost all printers when connected to the device or identified when present on a local network connected via LAN or Wi-fi, if not,  the guide can provide useful tips.
  • Photos App   (9 pages)
    • Menu, Features, Organization, Editing Photos and Videos
  • Movies & TV App   (4 pages)
    • Menu, Types of Content – Movies, TV, Videos; Default Settings configurable options
        • Note: Movies and TV are Microsoft Store and Microsoft Account based; Videos are what you made yourself
  • Maps App  (6 pages)
    • Location, Directions, Destination, Traffic, Road view, Aerial view, Street side, Zoom
  • Microsoft Store  (5 pages)
    • Accessing the Store, Available Content(Apps, Games, Books, Movies/TV, Themes, etc.), Content from any device


Dec  3 2018: Initial Draft Date

Dec  8 2018: Initial Publish Date

Dec 10 2018:  Added Editor Note and additional Notes for clarification

Summary:  How to Install Windows Live Mail 2012 on Windows 10


  • Installation on Windows 10 requires the Windows Essentials 2012 Full Version Installer
    • The web based installer version can not be used since the install will attempt to download files from a no longer existent server and the installation will fail in a few seconds.
    • If not having previously archived the Windows Essentials 2012 full version installer your only options are to obtain the full version installer from an alternate source(friend, neighbor, colleague, 3rd party site on the internet that may be hosting the full version installer)
    • The full version installer:   (English version)
            • Filename is wlsetup-all.exe
            • File version is 16.4.3528.331
            • File Size is 134, 112 KB(130MB)
            • Digital signature date‎  is Monday, ‎April ‎7, ‎2014 12:09:33 PM
  • Requires .NET 2.0
  • If installing the English version in a country different than the United States see the precautionary ‘Special Instructions:’ Note(in red) below.


  1. Obtain the full version installer
  2. Install .NET 2.0 by enabling .NET 3.5 in Windows 10 Program and Features/’Turn Widows features on or off ‘ then Check the box adjacent to .NET Framework 3.5(includes .NET 2.0 and 3.0).  Click OK.  Close Programs and Features. This step is mandatory — .NET 2.0 must be installed prior to running the installer program executable.
  3. Run the full version installer in Administrator mode(Rt. Click and choose ‘Run as Administrator’
  4. When prompted – Select the option titled – ‘Choose the programs you want to install’
  5. Select ‘Mail’
  6. Click ‘Install.   Do not interrupt the installation. 
  7. Once the installation is complete, the program will/may run and prompt to setup an email account. Set up your email account or cancel and setup later.  When setting up an email account it would be prudent to do it manually by choosing the ‘Manually configure server settings’ option.   Important -  if setting up an type email account(Outlook/Live/Hotmail/ ensure setup is done manually and only choose the IMAP or POP protocol. Do not choose/use the ‘Windows Live Hotmail’ option since that choice will attempt to use the Http(DeltaSync) protocol which is no longer supported by the backend Office 365 Platform server.


Special Instructions:

  • Note:  Using the English language full installer version in a country different than the United States
        • If installing the English language version in a location(different country) than the U.S. additional steps  must be taken for a successful installation
        • Disconnect from the Internet
        • Navigate in Windows 10 to Settings/Time and Language/Region and change to U.S.
        • Post installation return you Region to your location
        • Reconnect to the Internet




October 5, 2018: Initial Draft Date

October 8, 2018: Initial Publish Date


Microsoft released Windows 10 Version 1809 October 2018 Update on October 2, 2018


  1. Microsoft released the latest major feature update(named October 2018 Update) for Windows 10 Version 1809 Build 17763.1 today(October 2, 2018)
  2. Windows 10 1809 update is available at this time via Windows Update, The Windows 10 download site, and via the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool.  (Note: Not all devices may be deemed ready to install Windows 10 1809)
  3. Windows 10 1809 Update will be deployed/rolled out automatically via Windows Update(not all devices will receive the feature update at the same time)
  4. Windows 10 1809 Update will update a Windows 10 device from the installed prior version of Windows 10(e.g. Windows 10 Version 1803, 1709,  etc.)
  5. Windows 10 1809 includes new privacy controls that enhance the privacy choice and controls available to users for managing their own privacy.  Additionally each new account on a device can personally tailor the main privacy settings, instead of only the initial user who sets up the device. 

How To:

  • To obtain Windows 10 Version 1809 Build 17763.1
    • Access Windows Update on Windows 10 and manually check for updates
    • Visit the Microsoft Windows 10 Software Download site and choose the ‘Update Now’ option
    • Download the Windows 10 Media Creation Tool(MCT) executable(*.exe) file from the Microsoft Windows 10 Software Download web site then run the MCT exe file to create USB or DVD media or optionally create and save an ISO file which can be used for mounting or creating media

Additional Information:




Oct 2 2018: Initial Draft and Publish Date

Oct 3 2018: Corrected typo – Comments section Item #5


How to enable network computer appearance and access in File Explorer on Windows 10 Version 1803


  1. This blog article provides the work-around details(How To) to return the functionality of viewing networked devices/computers in Windows 10 Version 1803 File Explorer’s Navigation pane ‘Network’ folder option (Editor Note: Windows Insider Build 17133[released Mar 27, 2018] is listed as ‘Feature update for Windows 10, version 1803’, thus this article may also have applicability to installed Insider Builds 17133 and later.  Windows 1803’s final version bits were released on April 30, 2018 and this work-around may still be necessary on some devices.)
  2. Changes made by Microsoft may prevent an end-users ability to view shared devices(computers) in File Explorer’s Navigation Pane ‘Network’ folder option.
  3. The inability to view networked devices/computers in File Explorers Navigation Pane ‘Network’ option appears to be related to deprecation of the HomeGroup feature. While not all end-users have or had previously used the Homegroup preferring standard network sharing methods, the end result of HomeGroup removal and/or under-the-hood feature and/or security changes may still be one of the underlying causes.

How To:

The steps to re-enable the ability to view and access shared devices/computers are shown below and requires changing a Windows 10 1803 Services settings items called ‘Function Discovery Resource Publication’ and ‘Function Discovery Provider Host’

  1. Access the Windows 10 Run dialog box via the Start Menu/Windows System/Run option or by pressing the Win + R keys on the keyboard.   Note: One can skip Step 1 and 2 and proceed to Step 3 if accessing the Services settings via search(Cllick/Tap the Windows Start Menu icon and enter ‘Services’  then click or tap on Services(Dekstop app)
  2. If using the Run dialog box – enter services.msc in the Run dialog box then press Return to load the Services dialog box window
  3. Scroll down in the Services window and select and double click/tap on ‘Function Discovery Resource Publication’ item(aka FDResPub) to access the service’s properties
  4. Change the ‘Startup type’ field entry from ‘Manual’ to ‘Automatic’ or ‘Automatic Delayed Start’
  5. In the same properties dialog box ‘Service status’ section click on Start (to start the FDResPub service) – see pic below
  6. Once the status indicator shows ‘Running’ Click ‘OK’ to close the Properties dialog box
  7. Repeat Step 3 through 6 for the item called ‘Function Discovery Provider Host’  (See Footnote [A])
  8. Close the Services window.  Close all open windows and Restart the device.


Footnote:  [A]

  •  Other articles on the internet suggest setting a few other ‘Services’ to Automatic or Automatic Delayed Start(SSDP Discovery and UPnP Device Host);  Removing shared locations(e.g. C:\Users) and re-adding shared locations;  Editing the Windows ‘hosts’ file by adding respective IP addresses for each shared device on the network.
    • Editor Note: Sharing the C:\Users folder especially with multiple users on the same device imo may be a privacy concern and should be avoided. Also the need to modify the service action from Windows 10 default setting for the SSDP Discovery and UPnP Device Host services is not an absolute requirement.  Likewise, adding assigned router ip addresses for each device in the Windows ‘hosts’ file[few network gurus recommend this method when setting up Windows Networking] may be another wasted effort.  
      • Bottom line => Don’t tamper with settings that aren’t necessary.


Mar 2, 2018: Initial Draft – Titled and written initially for Windows Insider Build 17112

Mar 8, 2018: Note added in ‘How To’ section Step 1, re-saved as 2nd Draft version

Mar 27, 2018:  Initial Publish Date; Added graphic in How To section

Mar 30, 2018: Retitled/Republished for Windows 10 Version 1803; Added Editor Note in Step 1.

May  1 2018:  Updated with additional detail and steps for clarity.

May 11 2018:  Added Footnote [A]


How to access the Windows Defender Classic User Interface on Windows 10


  1. The Windows Defender Classic UI(UI) can still be accessed using a variety of different methods in Windows 10.
  2. The same command line text content can be used for to access the Defender Classic UI via a Shortcut or Search or Run dialog box.
  3. Microsoft replaced the Windows Defender Classic UI in Windows 10 with a new Windows Universal App(UWA) version – Windows Defender Security Center.  The new UI first appeared in Windows 10 Creators Update(Version 1703, April 2017) and continues in the Fall Creators Update(Version 1709,November 2017)
  4. The UWP app is the recommended method to access Windows 10 Defender and all the features(Threats, Definition Updates, Device Performance, and Health) included in the Windows Defender Security Center. For more information on each feature in the new UI please reference the Microsoft KB4013263 article => Protect my device with Windows Defender Security Center
  5. Accessing the Windows Defender Classic UI may provide the desired familiarity(traditional style – Home, Update, and History tabs) for end-users upgrading to Windows 10(from Windows 7/8.1 and earlier versions of Windows 10) as they transition into use and comfort with the newer Windows 10 Defender Security Center UWA.

How To:

  • Command line text for the Windows Defender Classic UI
    • C:\Program Files\Windows Defender\MSASCui.exe
  • Accessing via a Shortcut,  Search, or  Run options
    • Shortcut
        • Create a new shortcut in the location of your choice then copy the above text(shown in bold, blue above) and paste the text as the command line for the shortcut, then when prompted name the shortcut(e.g. Windows Defender Classic UI). The shortcut can be pinned to the Start Menu, Task Bar or if enabled the Quick Launch Toolbar
    • Search
      • Click the  Search icon or Seach dialog on the Task Bar then copy the above text and paste into the search field. Press Return
    • Run
      • Copy the above text and paste into the Run dialog box entry field. Note:The Run command is located o  the Start Menu under the Windows System sub menu category.



May 21, 2017: Initial Draft and Publish Date

Oct 31, 2017: Added links and content to Windows Defender Security Center KB article

Feb. 02, 2017: Rewritten and Re-Publish Date(revised content for clarity based on feedback requests and comments from blog follower/readers). Editor Note: Thank you Sasha, Brian, & Elise!

Summary:  How to access the Default Programs User Interface options previously available prior to the release of the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update Version 1709



  1. Windows 10 1709 Fall Creators Update deprecated the old style previous version ‘Default Programs’ User Interface in favor of a streamlined and condensed option.  Windows 10 1709 Default Program available configuration options are now accessed via Windows 10 Settings/Apps/Default Apps
  2. The old style pre-1709 User Interface(UI) is still accessible but with reduced functionality than previously available.
  3. The most significant change is the inability to use the old style Default Programs UI to select a program and modify its related default file type extensions and protocols.
  4. Accessing the old style UI can still be helpful by providing a familiar user interface for viewing an individual program’s quantity(number) of supported defaults and the respective supported defaults by file type extension and/or protocol
  5. The How-To section below provides the command line code for use in creating shortcuts. The same command line code can be entered in the Run command option accessible in the Windows 10 Start Menu


  • How To:
    • Default Programs – Program selection option to view defaults by quantity and file type extension and/or protocol  (command line code shown immediately below)
        • C:\Windows\System32\control.exe /name Microsoft.DefaultPrograms /page pageDefaultProgram
    • Default Programs – Set or Modify Default Program
        • C:\Windows\System32\ComputerDefaults.exe
    • Default Programs – File Type
        • C:\Windows\System32\control.exe /name Microsoft.DefaultPrograms /page pageFileAssoc


  • Revisions:

November 1, 2017: Initial Draft Date

November 2, 2017: Initial Publish Date

November 14, 2017: Revised ‘Comments section – numbered items; added comment #4



Summary:  Microsoft makes Windows 10 Fall Creators Update available on October 17, 2017



  • Windows 10 Creators Update, the next version major release for Windows 10, is now available as of 10 P.M. PDT October 17, 2017
  • Microsoft previously announced the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update would be rolled out in stages
  • A variety of methods/options are available to obtain the Fall Creators Update. The primary consumer methods are noted below. Also see the ‘How-To’ section for specific information on each method.
          • Media Creation Tool
          • Update Assistant
          • Windows 10 Windows Update (Manually check for updates)
  • The above methods are primarily intended for early adopters interested in installing the Windows 10 Fall Creator’s update in advance of the scheduled staged rollout automatically via Windows Update
    • Note: Staged rollout = Deployed automatically via Windows Update. Not everyone will receive the new Windows 10 Fall Creator bits at the same time.   If past history is an indication of timing, a staged-rollout may last for months.


How To:

  • Media Creation Tool – (Microsoft tool on the Windows 10 Software Download web page for creating Windows 10 USB/DVD media and optionally an ISO file for mounting or creating media)
  • Update Assistant
  • Windows Update
    • Windows 10 – Settings/Update and Security/Windows Update/Check for Updates)



Additional Information:



October 17, 2017:  Initial Draft Date

October 18, 2017:  Initial Publish Date

October 18, 2017:  Added ‘What’s New’ link in Additional Information section; final editing/correction